Bangladesh emerged as an independent and sovereign country in 1971 following a nine month war of liberation. It is one of the largest deltas of the world with a total area of 147,570 sq. km. With a unique communal harmony, Bangladesh has a population of about 152.51 million, making it one of the densely populated countries of the world. The majority (over 88%) of the people are Muslim. Over 98% of the people speak in Bangla. English, however, is widely spoken. The country is covered with a network of rivers and canals forming a maze of interconnecting channels. Being an active partner, Bangladesh plays vital role in the international and regional forum, particularly in the UN, Commonwealth and South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC).


General Information:


Official Name: The People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Political system: Parliamentary democracy
Capital name: Dhaka
Time zone: GMT + 6 hours
Major Cities Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Sylhet, Barisal, Rangpur
Principal rivers: Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Brahmaputra, Teesta, Surma and Karnaphuli.(total 310 rivers including tributaries).
Principal industries: Ready made garments, pharmaceuticals, cements, garment accessories, chemicals, fertilizers, newsprint, leather and leather goods, paper, sugar, jute, ship building.
Principal exports: Readymade garments, frozen foods (shrimps), leather, leather products, jute, jute products, tea, ceramic, textile fabrics, home textile, chemical product, light engineering products including bi-cycle.


Source: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics




Location: Between 200 34′ and 260 38′ north latitude and between 880 01′
and 920 41′ east longitude.
Boundary: North: India
West: India
South: Bay of Bengal
East: India and Myanmar
Area: 56,977 sq. miles or 147,570 sq. km.
Territorial water: 12 nautical miles Territorial Sea, 200 nautical miles Economic Zone.
Main seasons: Summer (March-May), rainy season (June-September) and winter (December-February)
Climate variations: Season
Principal seasonal crops and fruits: Paddy, jute, wheat, tobacco, pulses, oil seeds, spices, vegetables, jack-fruit, banana, mango, coconut, pineapple etc.
Natural resources: Natural gas, coal, lime, white clay, granite, glass sand.


source:Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics


National Demographics


Total population (m*) 160.8 Million
Male (m) 80.5 Million
Female (m) 80.3 Million
Annual growth rate 1.37%
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 100.3
Density (per sq km) 1127


Source:Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
Source:Projections as per previous report, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics




GDP total:
USD $274 Billion (FY 2017-18)
GDP growth rate (%):
7.86 (2017-18)
International reserves:
USD $32.94 Billion (June 2018)
Total exports:
USD $36.67 Billion (FY 2017-18)
GDP per capita:
USD $1751 (2017-18)
FDI Inflows:
USD $2.151 (Net) Billion (June, 2018)
USD 1 = BDT 83.72 (28 June 2018)
Total imports:
$54.46 Billion (FY 2017-18)



Key Indicators


  Item 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
1. Electricity Per Capita Generation (KWH) 288.22 324.18 351.21
Per Capita Consumption (KWH) 249.16 281.36 308.22
2. Energy Production Index (Base:2005-06=100) Electricity 191.06 219.29 243.39
Natural Gas 172.48 184.29 184.00
3. Industrial Production Index (Manufacturing)(Base: 2005-06=100) 236.11 267.88 293.81
4. Consumer Price Indices (Base: 2005-06=100) National 207.58 219.86 231.82
All Urban 204.76 219.31 233.29
All Rural 209.10 220.10 231.02


Overview of EPZ

Name of EPZ



Industrial Plots



Investment (mUS$)
Export (m US$)
Chittagong 501 1556.83 26476.97 199757
Dhaka 451 1292.12 22575.33 92340
Comilla 238 284.00 2019.00 27019
Mongla 190 47.23 484.86 2104
Uttara 180 138.58 582.58 28152
Ishwardi 290 116.60 551.31 9058
Adamjee 229 421.54 2895.21 53122
Karnaphuli 25 484.36 3781.58 67629
Total 2104 4341.26 59366.84 479181




Seaports: Seaports Chittagong and Mongla.
Inland river ports Dhaka, Chandpur, Barisal, Khulna, Baghabari, Sharishabari, Narayanganj, Bhairab Bazar, Ashuganj.
Airports International airports Dhaka, Chittagong and Sylhet.
Domestic airports Chittagong, Jessore, Sylhet, Cox’s Bazar, Syedpur, Rajshahi and Barisal.
Landports: Benapole, Teknaf, Banglabandha, Sonamasjid, Hilli, Darshana, Birol, Burimari, Tamabil, Haluaghat, Akhaura, Bibirbazar and Bhomra.


Source: Statistical Pocket Book Bangladesh-2009, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics




Radio stations: Dhaka, Chittagong, Rajshahi, Khulna, Rangpur, Sylhet, Rangamati, Comilla and Thakurgaon.
broadcasting programmes (in addition to Bengali): in English, Hindi, Urdu, Arabic and Nepali.
Television stations: Dhaka, Chittagong.
Relay stations: Chittagong, Sylhet, Khulna, Natore, Mymensingh, Rangpur, Noakhali, Satkhira, Cox’s Bazar, Rangamati and Thakurgaon.
Television channels: Terrestrial: BTV
Satellite: BTV World, Channel-I, NTV, ATN Bangla, Bangla Vision, Boishakhi TV, Islamic TV, Desh TV, ETV, My TV, Diganta TV, RTV.
Daily Newspaper: Daily Prothom Alo, Daily Ittefaq, Daily Kaler Kontha, Daily Janokantho, Daily Jugantor, Daily Bhorer Kagoj, Daily Star, Daily Independent, Daily Financial Express, Daily News Today etc.


Source: Statistical Pocket Book Bangladesh-2009, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics